Personality Pathology

Some of our work involves developing more evidence-based and clinically useful models for the diagnosis of personality disorders. Our collaborators include  Bob Krueger,  Kristian Markon,  Les Morey, Aaron Pincus, Doug Samuel, Andy SkodolKate ThomasAidan WrightMary Zanarini, and Johannes Zimmermann. Here are some examples:

Wright, A.G.C., Hopwood, C.J., Morey, L.C., & Skodol, A.E. (2016). Longitudinal validation of general and specific features of personality pathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 125, 1120-1134.

Hopwood, C.J., Zimmermann, J., Pincus, A.L., & Krueger, R.F. (2015). Connecting personality structure and dynamics: Towards a more evidence based and clinically useful diagnostic scheme. Journal of Personality Disorders, 29, 431-448.

Krueger, R.F., Hopwood, C.J., Wright, A.G.C., & Markon, K.E. (2014). DSM-5 and the path toward an empirically based and clinically useful conceptualization of personality and psychopathology. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 21, 245-261.

Morey, L.C. & Hopwood, C.J. (2013). The stability of personality disorders. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 499-528.

Hopwood, C.J., Schade, N., Krueger, R.F., Wright, A.G.C., & Markon, K.E. (2013). Connecting DSM-5 personality traits and pathological beliefs: Toward a unifying model. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 35, 162-172.

Hopwood, C.J., Wright, A.G.C., Ansell, E.B., & Pincus, A.L. (2013). The interpersonal core of personality pathology. Journal of Personality Disorders, 27, 270-295.

Hopwood, C.J., Thomas, K.M., Markon, K.E., Wright, A.G.C., & Krueger, R.F. (2012). DSM-5 personality traits and DSM-IV personality disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 424-432.

Morey, L.C., Hopwood, C.J., Markowitz, J.C., Gunderson, J.G., Grilo, C.M., McGlashan, T.H., Shea, M.T., Yen, S., Sanislow, C.A., Ansell, E.B., & Skodol, A.E. (2012). Comparison of alternative models for personality disorders, II: 6-, 8-, and 10- year follow-up. Psychological Medicine, 42, 1705-1713.

Wright, A.G.C., Thomas, K.M., Hopwood, C.J., Markon, K.E., Pincus, A.L., & Krueger, R.F. (2012). The hierarchical structure of DSM-5 pathological personality traits. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121, 951-957.

Hopwood, C.J. (2011). Personality traits in the DSM-5. Journal of Personality Assessment, 93, 398-405.

Hopwood, C.J., Newman, D.A., Donnellan, M.B., Markowitz, J.C., Grilo, C.M., Sanislow, C.A., McGlashan, T.H., Skodol, A.E., Shea, M.T., Gunderson, J.G., Zanarini, M.C., & Morey, L.C. (2009). The stability of personality traits in individuals with borderline personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118, 806-815.

Personality Assessment

We also develop and evaluate a range of personality assessment instruments. Our collaborators include Emily Ansell, Mark Blais, Wiebke Bleidorn, Brent DonnellanLes Morey, Aaron Pincus, Doug Samuel, Martin Sellbom, and Aidan Wright. Below are some papers related to personality assessment. Please contact us for a copy of an instrument we have developed.

Sellbom, M. & Hopwood, C.J. (in press). Evidence-based assessment in the 21st century. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice.

Blais, M.A. & Hopwood, C.J. (2017). Model based approaches for teaching and practicing personality assessment. Journal of Personality Assessment, 99, 136-145.

Wright, A.G.C. & Hopwood, C.J. (2016). Advancing the assessment of dynamic psychological processes. Assessment, 23, 399-403.

Friedman, M., Bartier, A.L., Lown, J., & Hopwood, C.J. (2016). The development of a bi-lingual assessment instrument to measure agentic and communal consumer motives in English and French. Frontiers in Psychology: Organizational Psychology.

Hopwood, C.J., Wright, A.G.C., Krueger, R.F., Schade, N., Markon, K.E., & Morey, L.C. (2013). DSM-5 pathological personality traits and the Personality Assessment Inventory. Assessment, 20, 269-285.

Samuel, D.B., Sanislow, C.A., Hopwood, C.J., Shea, M.T., Skodol, A.E., Morey, L.C., Ansell, E.B., Markowitz, J.C., Zanarini, M.C., & Grilo, C.M. (2013). Convergent and incremental predictive validity of clinician, self-report, and diagnostic interview assessment methods for personality disorders over five years. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81, 650-659.

Hopwood, C.J., Ansell, E.B., Pincus, A.L., Wright, A.G.C., Lukowitsky, M.R., & Roche, M.J. (2011). The circumplex structure of interpersonal sensitivities. Journal of Personality, 79, 708-740.

Hopwood, C.J. & Donnellan, M.B. (2010). How should the internal structure of personality inventories be evaluated? Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 332-346.

Interpersonal Processes

We are also interested in how personality plays out in interpersonal situations.  Our collaborators in this line of research include Emily Ansell, Nicole Cain, Alytia Levendosky, Aaron Pincus, Pam Sadler, Kate Thomas, and Aidan Wright. Here are some representative publications:

Levendosky, A.A. & Hopwood, C.J. (2017). A clinical science approach to training first year clinicians to navigate therapeutic relationships. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 27, 153-171.

Dermody, S.S., Thomas, K.M., Hopwood, C.J., Durbin, C.E., & Wright, A.G.C. (2017). Modeling the complexity of dynamic, momentary interpersonal behavior: Applying the time-varying effect model to test predictions from interpersonal theory. Journal of Research in Personality, 68, 54-62.

Hopwood, C.J., Thomas, K.M., Luo, X., Bernard, N., Lin, Y., & Levendosky, A.A. (2016). Implementing dynamic assessments in psychotherapy. Assessment, 23, 507-517.

Thomas, K.M., Hopwood, C.J., Woody, E., Ethier, N. & Sadler P. (2014). Momentary assessment of interpersonal process in psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61, 1-14.

Pincus, A.L. & Hopwood, C.J. (2012). A contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology and personality disorder. In T.A. Widiger (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Personality Disorders (pp. 372-398). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wright, A.G.C., Pincus, A.L., Hopwood, C.J., Thomas, K.M., Markon, K.E., & Krueger, R.F. (2012). An interpersonal analysis of pathological personality traits in DSM-5. Assessment, 19, 263-275.

Hopwood, C.J. (2010). An interpersonal perspective on the personality assessment process. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92, 471-479.

Personality Development and Correlates

We are broadly interested in understanding psychological phenomena from a personality individual differences framework. This includes understanding how personality relates to psychopathology, the genetic and environmental underpinnings of individual differences, and stability and change in traits. Our collaborators include Suman Ambwani, Wiebke Bleidorn, Brent Donnellan, Carlos GriloLes Morey, and Kate Thomas. Here are some papers on those topics:

Bleidorn, W., Hopwood, C.J., & Lucas, R.E. (in press). Life events and personality trait change. Journal of Personality.

Thomas, K.M., Hopwood, C.J., Donnellan, M.B., McDevitt-Murphy, M.E., Shea, M.T., Skodol, A.E.,  Markowitz, J.C., Grilo, C.M., Ansell, E.B., McGlashan, T.H., Sanislow, C.A., Zanarini, M.C., & Morey, L.C. (2014). Personality heterogeneity in PTSD: Distinct personality typologies. Psychological Assessment, 26, 23-24.

Hopwood, C.J., Morey, L.C., Donnellan, M.B., Samuel, D.B., Grilo, C.M., McGlashan, T.H., Shea, M.T., Zanarini, M.C., Gunderson, J.G., & Skodol, A.E. (2013). Ten-year rank-order stability of personality traits and disorders in a clinical sample. Journal of Personality, 81, 335-344.

Klahr, A.M., Thomas, K.M., Hopwood, C.J., Klump, K.L., & Burt, S.A (2013). Evocative gene-environment correlation in the mother-child relationship: A twin study of interpersonal processes. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 105-118.

Hopwood, C.J., Donnellan, M.B., Blonigen, D.M., Krueger, R.F., McGue, M., Iacono, W.G., & Burt, S.A. (2011). Genetic and environmental influences on personality trait stability and growth during the transition to adulthood: A three wave longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 545-556.


Because much of our work sits at the interface between basic research and applied mental health practice, we try to find ways to disseminate our work to people working in the field. We use things like workshops and books for that purpose. Here are some links to books we have written or edited:

Hopwood, C.J. & Bornstein, R.F. (2014). Multimethod Clinical Assessment. New York, NY: Guilford.

Huprich, S.K. & Hopwood, C.J. (2013). Personality Assessment in the DSM-5. New York, NY: Routledge.

Blais, M.A., Baity, M.R., & Hopwood, C.J. (2010). Clinical Applications of the Personality Assessment Inventory. New York, NY: Routledge.

Morey, L.C. & Hopwood, C.J. (2007). Personality Assessment Inventory Casebook: A structural summary approach. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.